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Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue. 2009 Aug;15(8):693-9.

[Repair and functional reconstruction of the penis (a report of 62 cases)].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Urology, The Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, China.



To investigate the effects of surgery treatment on serious penile lesions and malformation.


Sixty-two patients, aged from 19 to 63 years old (mean 35 ys), were included in the study. Among them, 4 patients suffered from penis partial defection were respectively treated with restoring defective penis, penis lengthening and urethroplasty; three patients with penis completely missing were treated with penis reconstruction surgery; 22 cases with serious penile curvature were treated with the 16-dot plication technique (Lue's procedure); 15 cases with penile fracture were treated with conservative treatment for 1 case and with patch penis, corpus spongiosum, and deep penile dorsal vein ligation for 14 cases; 5 cases with post-operative complications of 3-pieces of penile prosthesis, including the prosthesis perforating to the urethra, water pump failure, broken connection tube, erection angle < 60 degrees and failure to expansion the corpus cavernosum, were treated by taking out prostheses, urethral repair cracks, replacement of the prostheses, excision of fibrosis scar and re-implantation prostheses respectively. Four cases with penis complete amputation were treated with the penis replantation; three cases of avulsion injury were treated with the replantation and free flap skin; 6 with Paget's disease of penises were treated with the lesion free skin buried in the scrotum and penis.


All these patients were followed up for 3 months to 4 years, with the average of 9 months. Among the 4 cases of penis partial defection, 2 patients were satisfied with the penile appearance and sexual function; 1 got some satisfactory and 1 was unsatisfied. Three cases with the loss of the penis completely were satisfied with both the postoperative appearance and urination, and 1 was not satisfied. Twenty-two cases of penile curvature deformities were corrected, and one case was recurrence. Fourteen of the 15 patients with penile fracture were followed, and all got the restoration of sexual function. Among them, 5 cases with post-operative complications, including mild bending, algopareunia, subcutaneous induration, poor hardness and poor sexual pleasure, were not further treated, and another case lost; Five cases with post-operative complications of three-pieces penile prosthesis were treated successfully, and 4 of their spouses were satisfied with their sexual function after operation, only 1 of their spouse not satisfied. Among four cases with complete amputation of penis, two cases of penis were replanted successfully while two necrosis. Three cases with avulsion were treated with skin grafting successfully. All 6 cases with penile Paget's disease were followed for 2 -4 years, and free skin grafts were all survival. One patient died of brain metastases 18 months after operation and five cases were disease-free survival.


The patients should be treated based on the procedure of andrological and urological surgery, together with microsurgical, flap or skin graft technique. The urologist should design personalized surgical procedure. Most of the patient's penis shape and erectile dysfunction can be reconstructed by our procedures, but some patients can not achieve the desired appearance or function of penis. New approaches of the treatment ought to be developed to restore both of the shape and function for those severe injury of the penis.

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