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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Nov 10;106(45):19120-5. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0907912106. Epub 2009 Oct 22.

Interaction of an autotransporter passenger domain with BamA during its translocation across the bacterial outer membrane.

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  • 1Genetics and Biochemistry Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Abstract

Autotransporters are a superfamily of virulence factors produced by Gram-negative bacteria consisting of a large N-terminal extracellular domain ("passenger domain") and a C-terminal beta barrel domain ("beta domain"). The mechanism by which the passenger domain is translocated across the outer membrane (OM) is unknown. Here we show that the insertion of a small linker into the passenger domain of the Escherichia coli O157:H7 autotransporter EspP effectively creates a translocation intermediate by transiently stalling translocation near the site of the insertion. Using a site-specific photocrosslinking approach, we found that residues adjacent to the stall point interact with BamA, a component of a heterooligomeric complex (Bam complex) that catalyzes OM protein assembly, and that residues closer to the EspP N terminus interact with the periplasmic chaperones SurA and Skp. The EspP-BamA interaction was short-lived and could be detected only when passenger domain translocation was stalled. These results support a model in which molecular chaperones prevent misfolding of the passenger domain before its secretion and the Bam complex catalyzes both the integration of the beta domain into the OM and the translocation of the passenger domain across the OM in a C- to N-terminal direction.

PMID:
19850876
PMCID:
PMC2776426
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.0907912106
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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