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J Pediatr. 2009 Dec;155(6):875-881.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2009.06.037. Epub 2009 Oct 21.

Serum procalcitonin for prediction of renal parenchymal involvement in children with urinary tract infections: a meta-analysis of prospective clinical studies.

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Department of Pediatrics, Democritus University of Thrace and University General Hospital of Alexandroupolis, Thrace, Greece.



To determine by meta-analysis whether serum procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful marker of acute renal parenchymal involvement (RPI) in children with culture-proven urinary tract infection (UTI), as diagnosed by acute-phase DMSA (Tc-99m dimercaptosuccinic acid) renal scintigraphy.


We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for prospective studies involving children with culture-proven UTIs. Additional eligibility criteria were measurement of serum PCT at presentation and performance of DMSA scintigraphy within 14 days.


Overall, 10 studies eligible for inclusion, involving a total of 627 children, were identified. Half of these studies evaluated children with a first episode of UTI; 8 involved children with febrile UTIs. Using a cutoff value of 0.5 to 0.6 ng/mL, the pooled diagnostic odds ratio of serum PCT for UTI with RPI was 14.25 (95% confidence interval, 4.70 to 43.23). High statistical between-study heterogeneity that could mainly be attributed to 2 studies was observed. The remaining 8 studies uniformly favored PCT use.


In children with culture-proven UTI, a serum PCT value >0.5 ng/mL predicts reasonably well the presence of RPI, as evidenced by DMSA scintigraphy. PCT may aid in the identification of children with UTI, necessitating more intense evaluation and management.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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