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Anticancer Res. 2009 Oct;29(10):3995-4003.

Doxycycline induces apoptosis in PANC-1 pancreatic cancer cells.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Jikei University Hospital, 3-25-8, Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-8461, Japan. son@jikei.ac.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tetracyclines such as doxycycline are reported to possess cytotoxic activity against mammalian tumor cells, but the mechanism of their effects on cell proliferation remains unclear.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The antitumor effect of doxycycline was investigated in human pancreatic cancer cell line, PANC-1. We also investigated the effect of doxycycline on expression of a potent proangiogenic factor, interleukin (IL)-8.

RESULTS:

In excess of 20 microg/ml, cytotoxic effects of doxycycline were accompanied by G(1)-S cell cycle arrest and DNA fragmentation in PANC-1 cells. Doxycycline consistently activated transcription of p53, p21 and Fas/FasL-cascade-related genes, while reducing the expression of Bcl-xL and Mcl-1. Doxycycline (5 microg/ml) below the cytotoxic level suppressed endogenous and paclitaxel-induced IL-8 expression. In the mouse xenograft model, doxycycline treatment was shown to suppress tumor growth by 80%.

CONCLUSION:

These data suggest that doxycycline exerts its antitumor effect by activating proapoptotic genes, inhibiting IL-8 expression, and suppressing antiapoptotic genes.

PMID:
19846942
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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