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Haemophilia. 2010 Jan;16(1):20-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2009.02127.x. Epub 2009 Oct 21.

A study of variations in the reported haemophilia A prevalence around the world.

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College of Management, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7229, USA.


The objectives of this paper were to study the reported haemophilia A prevalence (per 100 000 males) on a country-by-country basis and address the following: Does the reported prevalence of haemophilia A vary by national economies? We collected prevalence data for 106 countries from the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) annual global surveys and the literature. We found that the reported haemophilia A prevalence varied considerably among countries, even among the wealthiest of countries. The prevalence (per 100 000 males) for high income countries was 12.8 +/- 6.0 (mean +/- SD) whereas it was 6.6 +/- 4.8 for the rest of the world. Within a country, there was a strong trend of increasing prevalence over time--the prevalence for Canada ranged from 10.2 in 1989 to 14.2 in 2008 (R = 0.94 and P < 0.001) and for the United Kingdom it ranged from 9.3 in 1974 to 21.6 in 2006 (R = 0.94 and P < 0.001). Prevalence data reported from the WFH compared well with prevalence data from the literature. Patient registries generally provided the highest quality of prevalence data. The lack of accurate country-specific prevalence data has constrained planning efforts for the treatment and care of people with haemophilia A. With improved information, healthcare agencies can assess budgetary needs to develop better diagnostic and treatment facilities for affected patients and families and work to ensure adequate supplies of factor VIII concentrates for treatment. In addition, this information can help manufacturers plan the production of concentrates and prevent future shortages.

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