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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Sep;16(9):1389-93. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.03088.x.

Do clinicians consider the results of the BinaxNOW Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen test when adapting antibiotic regimens for pneumonia patients?

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1
AP-HP, Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou, Service de Microbiologie, Université Paris Descartes et UPMC, Paris, France.

Abstract

The BinaxNOW Streptococcus pneumoniae urinary antigen test is a rapid and reliable immunochromatographic test (ICT) for the identification of a pneumococcal aetiology of pneumonia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the attitude of clinicians in their everyday practice towards prescription of the ICT and the impact of its results on the adaptation of the antibiotic therapy when pneumonia is suspected. From October 2007 to March 2008, we prospectively evaluated 541 consecutive inpatients for whom the ICT was performed in our institution. Of the 541 patients evaluated, only 233 (43%) were suspected by the treating physicians to have a pneumonia, 58 of whom had a positive ICT result. Among these 58 patients, four (7%) and 26 (45%), respectively, were treated with amoxycillin monotherapy before and after the ICT result had been obtained (p <10(-4)). Although a positive ICT result led to a rise in the proportion of patients treated with amoxycillin alone, a large number continued to be treated with broader-spectrum antibiotics. These results suggest that prescription monitoring of the ICT should be implemented along with encouragement to adhere more strictly to treatment guidelines.

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