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J Immunol. 1991 Jan 1;146(1):18-25.

Polyclonal activation of the murine immune system by an antibody to IgD. XI. Contribution of membrane IgD cross-linking to the generation of an in vivo polyclonal antibody response.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814-4799.

Abstract

The injection of mice with a foreign, polyclonal antibody to IgD sequentially induces: 1) activation of B cells by cross-linking of their cell membrane (m) IgD; 2) B cell processing and presentation of the bound anti-IgD antibody to T cells; 3) activation of these T cells; and 4) T-dependent stimulation of B cell differentiation into IgG1 secreting cells. To determine whether the cross-linking of B cell membrane IgD and/or the resulting B cell activation that follows contribute to the generation of the polyclonal IgG1 response, we examined the abilities of three sets of anti-delta mAb or mAb fragments to stimulate polyclonal IgG1 production. Within each set mAb were matched for species and Ig isotypic determinants, but differed in avidity for IgD or in ability to cross-link IgD. In addition, experiments were performed to determine whether the anti-delta mAb had to be foreign to the immunized mouse to stimulate an IgG1 response. Results of these experiments indicate that: 1) recognition of the injected anti-delta antibody as foreign is required for the induction of a polyclonal IgG1 response; 2) the cross-linking of B cell membrane Ig, which directly activates B cells, can contribute considerably to the generation of in vivo IgG1 production; and 3) that even relatively weak cross-linking of membrane Ig by ligands that bind it with low avidity can make this contribution.

PMID:
1984444
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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