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Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2009 Dec;105(6):410-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-7843.2009.00469.x. Epub 2009 Oct 15.

Melatonin and vitamin C attenuates alcohol-induced oxidative stress in aorta.

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1
Department of Histology and Embryology, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey. drmfatihsonmez@hotmail.com

Abstract

Epidemiological studies have shown that low to moderate doses of alcohol consumption are beneficial to cardiac health. However, chronic high doses of alcohol ingestion cause cardiovascular complications. The aim of this study was to investigate both the effects of melatonin and vitamin C and expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in aorta of chronic alcoholic rats. Twenty-four adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were used in the study. Rats were divided into four equal groups. Group I (control): rats were not fed on alcohol; Group II: rats were fed on alcohol; Group III: rats were fed on alcohol and 40 mg/kg vitamin C were injected intraperitoneally and Group IV: rats were fed on alcohol and 4 mg/kg melatonin were injected intraperitoneally. At the end of the experiment, rats were killed and aorta tissues were removed. Some parts of the aorta tissues were used for biochemical analyses and the other parts were used at histological procedures. In the control group, endothelial nitric oxide synthase immunoreactivity was (++) in smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells. Expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in the alcohol group was stronger than control group. Chronic ethanol ingestion significantly increased (p < 0.05); and melatonin significantly decreased both the plasma and tissue malondialdehyde levels. The superoxide dismutase levels and catalase activity did not change significantly in the Vitamin C and melatonin groups (p > 0.05) compared to the control and alcohol groups. The present results indicate that chronic alcohol consumption increase lipid peroxidation and cause endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression in the aorta. However, melatonin and vitamin C administration provide partial protection against alcohol-induced damage.

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