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Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2010 Sep;162(2):579-93. doi: 10.1007/s12010-009-8808-4. Epub 2009 Oct 20.

Bioactive secondary metabolites from a new terrestrial Streptomyces sp. TN262.

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Laboratory of Prokaryotic Enzymes and Metabolites, Centre of Biotechnology of Sfax, Road of Sidi Mansour Km 6, PO Box 1177, 3018 Sfax, Tunisia.


During our search for Streptomyces spp. as new producers of bioactive secondary metabolites, the ethyl acetate extract of the new terrestrial Streptomyces isolate TN262 delivered eight antimicrobially active compounds. They were identified as 1-acetyl-beta-carboline (1), tryptophol (2), cineromycin B (3), 2,3-dihydrocineromycin B (4), cyclo-(tyrosylprolyl) (5), 3-(hydroxyacetyl)-indole (6), brevianamide F (7), and cis-cyclo-(L-prolyl-L-leucyl) (8). Three further metabolites were detected in the unpolar fractions using GC-MS and tentatively assigned as benzophenone (9), N-butyl-benzenesulfonamide (10), and hexanedioic acid-bis-(2-ethylhexyl) ester (11). This last compound is known as plasticizer derivatives, but it has never been described from natural sources. In this article, we describe the identification of the new Streptomyces sp. isolate TN262 using its cultural characteristics, the nucleotide sequence of the corresponding 16S rRNA gene and the phylogenetic analysis, followed by optimization, large-scale fermentation, isolation of the bioactive constituents, and determination of their structures. The biological activity of compounds (2), (3), (4), and those of the unpolar fractions was addressed as well.

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