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J Immunol. 2009 Nov 15;183(10):6282-95. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0804093. Epub 2009 Oct 19.

CCR7-dependent stimulation of survival in dendritic cells involves inhibition of GSK3beta.

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Department of Immunology, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, Spain.


Chemokine receptor CCR7 regulates chemotaxis and survival in mature dendritic cells (DCs). We studied the role of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3beta) in the regulation of CCR7-dependent survival. We show that GSK3beta behaves as a proapoptotic regulator in cultured monocyte-derived human DCs and murine splenic DCs in vitro, and in lymph node DCs in vivo. In keeping with its prosurvival role, stimulation of CCR7 induced phosphorylation/inhibition of GSK3beta, which was mediated by the prosurvival regulator Akt1, but it was independent of ERK1/2, a key regulator of chemotaxis. Stimulation of CCR7 also induced translocation of two transcription-factor targets of Akt, prosurvival NF-kappaB and proapoptotic FOXO1, to the nucleus and cytosol, respectively, resulting in DCs with a phenotype more resistant to apoptotic stimuli. We analyzed if GSK3beta was able to modulate the mobilizations of these transcription factors. Using pharmacological inhibitors, small interfering RNA, and a construct encoding constitutively active GSK3beta, we show that active GSK3beta fosters and hampers the translocations to the nucleus of FOXO and NF-kappaB, respectively. Inhibition of GSK3beta resulted in the degradation of the NF-kappaB inhibitor IkappaB, indicating a mechanism whereby GSK3 can control the translocation of NF-kappaB to the nucleus. GSK3beta and FOXO interacted in vivo, suggesting that this transcription factor could be a substrate of GSK3. The results provide a novel mechanism whereby active GSK3beta contributes to regulate apoptosis in DCs. They also suggest that upon stimulation of CCR7, Akt-mediated phosphorylation/inhibition of GSK3beta may be required to allow complete translocations of FOXO and NF-kappaB that confer DCs an extended survival.

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