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Body Image. 2010 Jan;7(1):82-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2009.09.004. Epub 2009 Oct 17.

A preliminary investigation of the relationship between induced rumination and state body image dissatisfaction and anxiety.

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Department of Psychology, American University, Washington, DC 20016, United States.


The current study investigated the relationship between cognitive rumination and state body image distress using an experimental design. Specifically, the study examined whether participants induced to ruminate about an imagined negative body image event would report more body image dissatisfaction and anxiety compared to those induced to distract themselves. Ninety-nine undergraduate women completed two measures to assess depressive symptomology and baseline body image distress. All participants then silently read a body image scenario intended to evoke negative emotions. After reading the scenario, participants were randomized into one of two conditions, rumination or distraction, and were then re-administered the self-report measures. Statistical analyses revealed that the rumination group reported more state body image dissatisfaction and anxiety after the manipulation. The findings provide preliminary support for the hypothesis that a ruminative response style, specifically within a body image domain, predicts body image dissatisfaction and anxiety.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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