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Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2009 Oct;18(4):1001-16. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2009.04.009.

Pharmacologic treatment of pediatric insomnia.

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Department of Pediatrics, Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Ambulatory Pediatrics Potter 200, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, RI 02903, USA.


Pediatric insomnia is common in children and adolescents, particularly in children who have comorbid medical, psychiatric, and neurodevelopmental disorders, and may be associated with cognitive, emotional, and psychosocial impairments that often result in significant caregiver burden. Although several behavioral interventions for pediatric insomnia are effective, there is a relative paucity of empiric evidence supporting the use of pharmacologic treatment. Sedative/hypnotic drugs are frequently used in clinical practice to treat pediatric insomnia, and guidelines for the use of these medications in general as well as for specific medications have been developed. This review presents expert consensus guidelines for the use of these medications in clinical practice, with a focus on the different classes of pharmacologic agents that are most commonly prescribed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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