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Neurosci Lett. 2009 Dec 31;467(3):212-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.10.037. Epub 2009 Oct 14.

HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A-inhibited survival of dopaminergic neuronal cells.

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Department of Physiology and Key Laboratory of the Neurodegenerative Disorders of the Chinese Ministry of Education, Capital Medical University, Youanmen, Beijing 100069, China.


Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have been shown associated with neurodegenerative diseases. However, their effects on survival of dopaminergic neurons remain uncertain. In the present study, the HDAC inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) was tested in following dopaminergic neuronal cell lines: rat N27, mouse MN9D, and human SH-SY5Y cells. Results demonstrated that a single TSA treatment resulted in decreased cell survival and increased apoptosis in dopaminergic neuronal cells. Pre-treatment with TSA resulted in exacerbated neurotoxic damage to dopaminergic neurons induced by 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium and rotenone. These results suggest that HDAC inhibitors may influence Parkinson's disease pathogenesis by inhibiting survival and increasing vulnerability of dopaminergic neurons to neurotoxins. Our data also suggested the importance of prudent use of HDAC inhibitors in therapy.

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