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Food Microbiol. 2009 Dec;26(8):872-5. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2009 Jun 10.

Pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica 2/O:9 and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis 1/O:1 strains isolated from human and non-human sources in the Plateau State of Nigeria.

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Department of Food and Environmental Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.


Foodborne yersiniosis, caused by enteropathogenic Yersinia, especially Yersinia enterocolitica, is an important cause of diarrhea in developed countries, especially in temperate zones. Since studies concerning the presence of enteropathogenic Yersinia in humans and foods are rare in developing countries and tropical areas, human and non-human samples were studied in Plateau state of Nigeria to obtain information on the epidemiology of Y. enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Surprisingly, ail-positive Y. enterocolitica and inv-positive Y. pseudotuberculosis were isolated in Plateau state of Nigeria from several samples of human and non-human origin. Bioserotype 1/O:1 was the only Y. pseudotuberculosis type found. Y. enterocolitica belonging to bioserotype 2/O:9 was the dominating type found in most samples. Bioserotype 4/O:3 was isolated only from one pig and one sheep. Using PFGE, 5 genotypes were obtained among 45 Y. enterocolitica 2/O:9 strains with NotI, ApaI and XhoI enzymes and 3 among 20 Y. pseudotuberculosis 1/O:1 strains with NotI and SpeI enzymes. All human Y. pseudotuberculosis 1/O:1 strains were indistinguishable from pig, sheep or food strains. The dominating genotype of Y. enterocolitica 2/O:9 strains among humans was also found among strains isolated from pig, fermented cow milk and traditional intestine pepper soap samples.

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