Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Semin Neurol. 2009 Nov;29(5):520-7. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1241038. Epub 2009 Oct 15.

Mal de debarquement.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. yhcha@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

Mal de debarquement (MdD), the "sickness of disembarkment," occurs when habituation to background rhythmic movement becomes resistant to readaption to stable conditions and results in a phantom perception of self motion typically described as rocking, bobbing, or swaying. Although several studies have shown that brief periods of MdD are common in healthy individuals, this otherwise natural phenomenon can become persistent in some individuals and lead to severe balance problems. Increased recognition of MdD in a persistent pathological form occurred after the publication of a case series of six patients by Brown and Baloh in 1987. Over 20 years later, although more is known about the clinical syndrome of persistent MdD, little is known about what leads to this persistence. This review addresses the clinical features of MdD, the associated symptoms in the persistent form, theories on pathogenesis, experience with treatment, and future directions for research.

PMID:
19834863
PMCID:
PMC2846419
DOI:
10.1055/s-0029-1241038
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center