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Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2009 Nov 27;364(1534):3313-9. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2009.0175.

Impacts of climate change and environmental factors on reproduction and development in wildlife.

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School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, King's College London, London Bridge Campus, London SE1 1UL, UK.


The robustness of the growth of the human population in the face of environmental impacts is in contrast to the sensitivity of wildlife. There is a danger that the success of reproduction of humans provides a false sense of security for the public, media and politicians with respect to wildlife survival, the maintenance of viable ecosystems and the capacity for recovery of damaged ecosystems and endangered species. In reality, the success of humans to populate the planet has been dependent on the combination of the ability to reproduce successfully and to minimize loss of offspring through controlling and manipulating their own micro-environment. In contrast, reproduction in wildlife is threatened by environmental changes operating at many different physiological levels.

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