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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2009 Oct 20;54(17):1609-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2009.04.053.

The SLCO1B1*5 genetic variant is associated with statin-induced side effects.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We sought to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms associated with mild statin-induced side effects.

BACKGROUND:

Statin-induced side effects can interfere with therapy. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in cytochrome P450 enzymes impair statin metabolism; the reduced function SLCO1B1*5 allele impairs statin clearance and is associated with simvastatin-induced myopathy with creatine kinase (CK) elevation.

METHODS:

The STRENGTH (Statin Response Examined by Genetic Haplotype Markers) study was a pharmacogenetics study of statin efficacy and safety. Subjects (n = 509) were randomized to atorvastatin 10 mg, simvastatin 20 mg, or pravastatin 10 mg followed by 80 mg, 80 mg, and 40 mg, respectively. We defined a composite adverse event (CAE) as discontinuation for any side effect, myalgia, or CK >3x upper limit of normal during follow-up. We sequenced CYP2D6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP3A4, and SLCO1B1 and tested 7 reduced function alleles for association with the CAE.

RESULTS:

The CAE occurred in 99 subjects (54 discontinuations, 49 myalgias, and 9 CK elevations). Sex was associated with CAE (percent female in CAE vs. no CAE groups, 66% vs. 50%, p < 0.01). SLCO1B1*5 was associated with CAE (percent with > or = 1 allele in CAE vs. no CAE groups, 37% vs. 25%, p = 0.03) and those with CAE with no significant CK elevation (p < or = 0.03). Furthermore, there was evidence for a gene-dose effect (percent with CAE in those with 0, 1, or 2 alleles: 19%, 27%, and 50%, trend p = 0.01). Finally, the CAE risk appeared to be greatest in those carriers assigned to simvastatin.

CONCLUSIONS:

SLCO1B1*5 genotype and female sex were associated mild statin-induced side effects. These findings expand the results of a recent genome-wide association study of statin myopathy with CK >3x normal to milder, statin-induced, muscle side effects.

PMID:
19833260
PMCID:
PMC3417133
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2009.04.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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