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J Food Prot. 2009 Oct;72(10):2078-87.

General regression neural network and monte carlo simulation model for survival and growth of salmonella on raw chicken skin as a function of serotype, temperature, and time for use in risk assessment.

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U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, USDA/1890 Center of Excellence in Poultry Food Safety Research, Room 2111, Center for Food Science and Technology, University of Maryland, Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, Maryland 21853, USA.


A general regression neural network (GRNN) and Monte Carlo simulation model for predicting survival and growth of Salmonella on raw chicken skin as a function of serotype (Typhimurium, Kentucky, and Hadar), temperature (5 to 50 degrees C), and time (0 to 8 h) was developed. Poultry isolates of Salmonella with natural resistance to antibiotics were used to investigate and model survival and growth from a low initial dose (<1 log) on raw chicken skin. Computer spreadsheet and spreadsheet add-in programs were used to develop and simulate a GRNN model. Model performance was evaluated by determining the percentage of residuals in an acceptable prediction zone from -1 log (fail-safe) to 0.5 log (fail-dangerous). The GRNN model had an acceptable prediction rate of 92% for dependent data (n = 464) and 89% for independent data (n = 116), which exceeded the performance criterion for model validation of 70% acceptable predictions. Relative contributions of independent variables were 16.8% for serotype, 48.3% for temperature, and 34.9% for time. Differences among serotypes were observed, with Kentucky exhibiting less growth than Typhimurium and Hadar, which had similar growth levels. Temperature abuse scenarios were simulated to demonstrate how the model can be integrated with risk assessment, and the most common output distribution obtained was Pearson5. This study demonstrated that it is important to include serotype as an independent variable in predictive models for Salmonella. Had a cocktail of serotypes Typhimurium, Kentucky, and Hadar been used for model development, the GRNN model would have provided overly fail-safe predictions of Salmonella growth on raw chicken skin contaminated with serotype Kentucky. Thus, by developing the GRNN model with individual strains and then modeling growth as a function of serotype prevalence, more accurate predictions were obtained.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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