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IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst. 2008 Sep 1;2(3):204-11. doi: 10.1109/TBCAS.2008.2003195.

Development of a time domain fluorimeter for fluorescent lifetime multiplexing analysis.

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Center for Molecular Imaging Research (CMIR), the Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129-2060 USA.


We show that a portable, inexpensive USB-powered time domain fluorimeter (TDF) and analysis scheme were developed for use in evaluating a new class of fluorescent lifetime multiplexed dyes. Fluorescent proteins, organic dyes, and quantum dots allow the labeling of more and more individual features within biological systems, but the wide absorption and emission spectra of these fluorophores limit the number of distinct processes which may be simultaneously imaged using spectral separation alone. By additionally separating reporters in a second dimension, fluorescent lifetime multiplexing provides a means to multiply the number of available imaging channels.

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