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Urol Int. 2009;83(3):289-90. doi: 10.1159/000241669. Epub 2009 Oct 13.

Impact of colour blindness on recognition of haematuria in bladder cancer patients.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Royal Preston Hospital, Preston, UK. SamerKSabbagh@aol.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Colour blindness might lead to failure in recognizing frank haematuria. Our aim is to investigate as to whether colour-blind males who develop bladder cancer present later with less favourable histology.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Two hundred male patients with bladder cancer were assessed using Ishihara plate test for colour deficiency. Degree of haematuria, method of presentation and initial histologic findings were also determined.

RESULTS:

Colour-blind patients who develop bladder cancer present with less favourable histology compared with non-colour-blind (p = 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

Colour blindness was associated with presentation with more advanced bladder tumours.

PMID:
19829027
DOI:
10.1159/000241669
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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