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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010 Jan;332(1):46-56. doi: 10.1124/jpet.109.153494. Epub 2009 Oct 14.

Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase ameliorates dextran sodium sulfate-induced colitis in mice.

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State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy and Cancer Center, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.


The critical role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase gamma (PI3Kgamma) in inflammatory cell activation and recruitment makes it an attractive target for immunomodulatory therapy. 5-Quinoxilin-6-methylene-1,3-thiazolidine-2,4-dione (AS605240), a potent PI3Kgamma inhibitor, has been reported to ameliorate chronic inflammatory disorders including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and atherosclerosis. However, its in vivo effect on intestinal inflammation remains unknown. Here we evaluated the protective and therapeutic potentials of AS605240 in mice with dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute and chronic colitis. Our results showed that AS605240 improved survival rate, disease activity index, and histological damage score in mice administered DSS in both preventive and therapeutic studies. AS605240 treatment also significantly inhibited the increase in myeloperoxidase levels, macrophage infiltration, and CD4(+) T-cell number in the colon of DSS-fed mice. The DSS-induced overproduction of colonic proinflammatory cytokines including interleukin (IL)-1beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interferon-gamma was significantly suppressed in mice undergoing AS605240 therapy, whereas colonic anti-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-4 were up-regulated. The down-regulation of the phospho-Akt level in immunological cells from the inflamed colon tissue and spleen of AS605240-treated mice was detected both by immunohistochemical analysis and Western blotting. These findings demonstrate that AS605240 may represent a promising novel agent for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease by suppressing leukocyte infiltration as well as by immunoregulating the imbalance between proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines.

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