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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2010 Jan;298(1):F196-204. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.90607.2008. Epub 2009 Oct 14.

Inhibition of NF-kappaB ameliorates sepsis-induced downregulation of aquaporin-2/V2 receptor expression and acute renal failure in vivo.

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Institut für Physiologie, Universität Regensburg, Universitätsstr. 31, D-93040 Regensburg, Germany.


Acute renal failure (ARF) is frequently associated with polyuria and urine concentration defects and it is a severe complication of sepsis because it increases the mortality rate. Inhibition of NF-kappaB activation has been suggested to provide a useful strategy for the treatment of septic shock. However, the impact on sepsis-induced ARF is still unclear. Therefore, we examined the effect of pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) and of small interfering RNA (siRNA) silencing NF-kappaB p50/p105 on sepsis-induced downregulation of vasopressin V(2) receptors and aquaporin (AQP)-2 channels using a cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) mouse model. CLP caused a time-dependent downregulation of renal vasopressin V(2) receptor and of AQP2 expression without alterations in plasma vasopressin levels. Renal activation of NF-kappaB in response to CLP was attenuated by PDTC pretreatment, which also attenuated the downregulation of V(2) receptor and AQP2 expression. Furthermore, a strong nuclear staining for the NF-kappaB p50 subunit throughout the whole kidney in response to CLP was observed. siRNA against NF-kappaB p50 attenuated the CLP-induced nuclear translocation of the p50 subunit and the CLP-induced downregulation of V(2) receptor and AQP2 expression. Additionally, PDTC and siRNA pretreatment inhibited the CLP-induced increase in renal TNF-alpha and IL-1beta concentration and NOS-2 mRNA abundance. Moreover, PDTC and siRNA pretreatment ameliorated CLP-induced hypotension and ARF. Our findings suggest that NF-kappaB activation is of importance for the downregulation of AQP2 channel and vasopressin V(2) receptor expression during sepsis. In addition, our data indicate that NF-kappaB inhibition ameliorates sepsis-induced ARF.

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