Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Obes Surg. 2010 Jan;20(1):7-12. doi: 10.1007/s11695-009-9991-7. Epub 2009 Oct 14.

Non-transectional open gastric bypass as the definitive bariatric procedure for 61 patients with BMI of 70 and higher.

Author information

Department of Surgery, UMDNJ, Camden, NJ, USA.



Technical difficulties in laparoscopic gastric bypass for severely obese patients have led to sleeve gastrectomy first and then laparoscopic gastric bypass as a second stage after significant weight loss. Rather than commit these fragile patients to two operations, we have done open gastric bypass as a definitive surgical treatment for extreme obesity.


Office records of 61 patients with body mass index (BMI) of 70 and higher were reviewed. All underwent non-transectional open gastric bypass with a 150 cm Roux limb. Data included age, sex, weight, BMI, co-morbidities, operative information, length of stay (LOS), surgical morbidity, and percent excess weight loss (%XSWL). Data are in median (range).


There were 21 (34%) men and 40 (66%) women: age, 37 years (19-53); pre-operative weight, 468 lb (300-650); and pre-operative BMI, 77 (70-95). Co-morbidities were diabetes mellitus, 26 (46%); hypertension, 26 (43%); sleep apnea, 61 (100%); gastroesophageal reflux disease, 20 (33%); and hypothyroid nine (15%). Incision length was 15 cm (12-20), abdominal wall fat thickness was 8 cm (5-13), operative time was 150 min (100-210), and estimated blood loss was 100 ml (25-750); post-op intensive care unit: yes 16 (26%) and no 44 (74%). LOS was 3 days for 44 patients (74%), 4 days for 11 (18%), 5 days for five (8%), and 7 days for one (1.6%). Post-operative morbidity was as follows: zero mortality, splenectomy, stoma leak, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, GI bleeding, stomal ulcer, intestinal obstruction, fascial dehiscence, or 30-day readmission; wound infections in one (1.6%); skin wound separation in six (10%); pneumonia in one (1.6%); anemia in nine (14.8%); vitamin B(12) deficiency in six (10%); incisional hernia in 17 (28%); and gastric staple line disruption in two (3.3%). %XSWL were 51% in 1 year (28-84) and 60% in 2 years (27-97).


Non-transectional open gastric bypass for patients with BMI of 70 and higher is safe and effective as a one-stage operation for severe obesity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center