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Nucleic Acids Res. 2009 Dec;37(22):7623-37. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp755.

Stabilization of XIAP mRNA through the RNA binding protein HuR regulated by cellular polyamines.

Author information

1
Cell Biology Group, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

Abstract

The X chromosome-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is the most potent intrinsic caspase inhibitor and plays an important role in the maintenance of intestinal epithelial integrity. The RNA binding protein, HuR, regulates the stability and translation of many target transcripts. Here, we report that HuR associated with both the 3'-untranslated region and coding sequence of the mRNA encoding XIAP, stabilized the XIAP transcript and elevated its expression in intestinal epithelial cells. Ectopic HuR overexpression or elevated cytoplasmic levels of endogenous HuR by decreasing cellular polyamines increased [HuR/XIAP mRNA] complexes, in turn promoting XIAP mRNA stability and increasing XIAP protein abundance. Conversely, HuR silencing in normal and polyamine-deficient cells rendered the XIAP mRNA unstable, thus reducing the steady state levels of XIAP. Inhibition of XIAP expression by XIAP silencing or by HuR silencing reversed the resistance of polyamine-deficient cells to apoptosis. Our findings demonstrate that HuR regulates XIAP expression by stabilizing its mRNA and implicates HuR-mediated XIAP in the control of intestinal epithelial apoptosis.

PMID:
19825980
PMCID:
PMC2794158
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkp755
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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