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FASEB J. 2010 Feb;24(2):538-47. doi: 10.1096/fj.09-140228. Epub 2009 Oct 13.

Protein phosphatase 2A PR130/B''alpha1 subunit binds to the SH2 domain-containing inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase 2 and prevents epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced EGF receptor degradation sustaining EGF-mediated signaling.

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1
Protein Phosphorylation and Proteomics Laboratory, Dept. of Molecular Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, B-3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

To elucidate novel cell biological functions of specific protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) holoenzymes, we identified and biochemically characterized a complex between the Src homology 2 (SH2) domain-containing inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2) and a PP2A holoenzyme comprising PR130/B''alpha1 as a regulatory subunit (PP2A(T130)) in several mammalian cell lines. PR130/B''alpha1 and SHIP2 partially colocalize in untreated HeLa cells, and both translocate to the cell membrane on epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation. Concomitantly, a transient EGF-dependent interaction of PR130/B''alpha1 with the EGF receptor (EGFR) was observed, whereas the SHIP2-PR130 interaction remained constitutive. As previously reported for SHIP2, RNA interference-mediated knockdown of PR130 in COS-7 cells resulted in increased EGF-induced proteasome-dependent EGFR degradation, and an increased interaction of EGFR with the E3 ligase c-Cbl. In concordance with faster EGFR clearance or desensitization, intrinsic EGFR kinase activity (phospho-Tyr-1068) and downstream protein kinase B and extracellular signal-regulated kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways were more rapidly inactivated in PR130-knockdown cells. Notably, these effects could be rescued by reintroduction of RNA interference-resistant Myc-PR130, excluding any off-target effect. These data highlight a novel biological role of the PP2A(T130) holoenzyme in EGF signaling through interaction with EGFR and the phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate 5-phosphatase SHIP2. This interaction may be of clinical relevance as dysfunction of EGF-mediated signaling has been linked to various human cancers.

PMID:
19825976
DOI:
10.1096/fj.09-140228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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