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J Formos Med Assoc. 1990 Sep;89(9):777-83.

Correlation between sonography and pathology in thyroid diseases.

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Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, R.O.C.


Ultrasonography was performed on the thyroid glands of 47 patients with various thyroid diseases, in a fresh state, immediately following operation. The thyroid glands were then sectioned along the plane of the most significant sonographic changes. The pathologic changes of the sectioned plane were observed and compared with the sonographic changes. In nodular goiter, the sonographic changes were usually heterogeneous. The margin was either well-defined or ill-defined, and cystic changes might play a minor or major part in the thyroid nodules. In follicular adenoma, the changes were isoechoic in adenoma with embryonal type follicles and hyperechoic in adenoma with colloid type follicles. In adenoma of the oxyphilic cells, the echogenicity was somewhat greater in the hemorrhagic part compared to the area with oncocytic change only. In papillary carcinoma, the lesions usually manifested as well-limited, heterogeneous, hypoechoic nodules. Cystic degenerations were frequently noted. There were discrete particles corresponding to microcalcification in 4 out of 6 cases. In follicular carcinoma, the sonographic changes also showed well-limited nodules. However, the echogenicity was not decreased as much as in papillary carcinoma, and it could be either homogeneous and isoechoic, or hypoechoic. Relatively large particles with an acoustic sign, which corresponded to calcification, were noted in 2 out of 4 cases. In medullary carcinoma, the lesion was well-limited and hypoechoic. The particles present in sonography corresponded to calcification in the amyloid. In Graves' disease, the main sonographic change was a diffusely homogeneous, isoechoic or hypoechoic lesion. Cystic change was rarely present. Dispersed particles were rarely present and corresponded to fibrosis in the thyroid tissue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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