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PLoS Biol. 2009 Oct;7(10):e1000215. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000215. Epub 2009 Oct 13.

Cytoplasmic relaxation of active Eph controls ephrin shedding by ADAM10.

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1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Monash University, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

Release of cell surface-bound ligands by A-Disintegrin-And-Metalloprotease (ADAM) transmembrane metalloproteases is essential for signalling by cytokine, cell adhesion, and tyrosine kinase receptors. For Eph receptor ligands, it provides the switch between cell-cell adhesion and repulsion. Ligand shedding is tightly controlled by intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity, which for Eph receptors relies on the release of an inhibitory interaction of the cytoplasmic juxtamembrane segment with the kinase domain. However, a mechanism linking kinase and sheddase activities had remained elusive. We demonstrate that it is a membrane-proximal localisation of the latent kinase domain that prevents ephrin ligand shedding in trans. Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy and electron tomography reveal that activation extends the Eph receptor tyrosine kinase intracellular domain away from the cell membrane into a conformation that facilitates productive association with ADAM10. Accordingly, EphA3 mutants with constitutively-released kinase domains efficiently support shedding, even when their kinase is disabled. Our data suggest that this phosphorylation-activated conformational switch of EphA3 directly controls ADAM-mediated shedding.

PMID:
19823572
PMCID:
PMC2753297
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pbio.1000215
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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