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Cell Cycle. 2009 Dec 15;8(24):4085-90. Epub 2009 Dec 25.

Sch9 partially mediates TORC1 signaling to control ribosomal RNA synthesis.

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Graduate Program in Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ, USA.


TORC1 is a central regulator of ribosomal RNA synthesis. Here we report that Sch9 partially mediates TORC1 signaling to regulate Pol I- and Pol III-dependent transcription. Mechanistically, Sch9 is involved in hyperphosphorylation and cytoplasmic localization of Maf1, and for optimal synthesis of rRNAs and tRNAs. Interestingly, sch9Delta does not affect Maf1 basal phosphorylation and nucleolar localization. In addition, TORC1 is still capable of regulating rRNAs and tRNAs in the absence of Sch9. Moreover, the hyperactive Sch9(2D3E) mutant does not confer significant rapamycin resistance in cell growth. Together, these observations indicate that Sch9 is involved in optimal regulation of ribosome biogenesis by TORC1, but is dispensable for the essential aspects of ribosome biogenesis and cell growth, suggesting that TORC1 controls cell growth through Sch9-dependent and independent mechanisms.

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