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Am J Epidemiol. 2009 Nov 15;170(10):1231-40. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwp268. Epub 2009 Oct 12.

Body size, recreational physical activity, and B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk among women in the California teachers study.

Author information

1
Division of Cancer Etiology, Department of Population Science, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010, USA. yalu@coh.org

Abstract

Nutritional status and physical activity are known to alter immune function, which may be relevant to lymphomagenesis. The authors examined body size measurements and recreational physical activity in relation to risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in the prospective California Teachers Study. Between 1995 and 2007, 574 women were diagnosed with incident B-cell NHL among 121,216 eligible women aged 22-84 years at cohort entry. Multivariable-adjusted relative risks and 95% confidence intervals were estimated by fitting Cox proportional hazards models for all B-cell NHL combined and for the 3 most common subtypes: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. Height was positively associated with risk of all B-cell NHLs (for >1.70 vs. 1.61-1.65 m, relative risk = 1.50, 95% confidence interval: 1.16, 1.96) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (relative risk = 1.93, 95% confidence interval: 1.09, 3.41). Weight and body mass index at age 18 years were positive predictors of B-cell NHL risk overall. These findings indicate that greater height, which may reflect genetics, early life immune function, infectious exposures, nutrition, or growth hormone levels, may play a role in NHL etiology. Adiposity at age 18 years may be more relevant to NHL etiology than that in later life.

PMID:
19822569
PMCID:
PMC2781760
DOI:
10.1093/aje/kwp268
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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