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FEBS Lett. 2009 Nov 3;583(21):3531-5. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2009.10.017. Epub 2009 Oct 12.

Role of sestrin2 in peroxide signaling in macrophages.

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Goethe-University Frankfurt, Faculty of Medicine, Biochemistry I, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt, Germany.


Reactive oxygen species not only serve as signaling molecules, they also contribute to oxidative stress and cell damage. The thioredoxin and glutaredoxin systems form along with peroxiredoxins a precisely regulated defense system to maintain the cellular redox homeostasis. There is evidence that nitric oxide (NO) protects cells from oxidative stress by preventing inactivation of peroxiredoxins by sulfinylation. Here we demonstrate that NO and hypoxia upregulate Sestrin2 by HIF-1-dependent and additional mechanisms and that Sestrin2 contributes to preventing peroxiredoxins from sulfinylation. We conclude that Sestrin2 plays a role in peroxide defense as a reductase for peroxiredoxins.

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