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J Med Chem. 2009 Nov 12;52(21):6599-605. doi: 10.1021/jm900563e.

Antagonists of the calcium receptor. 2. Amino alcohol-based parathyroid hormone secretagogues.

Author information

1
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, GlaxoSmithKline, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 19426, USA. Robert.W.Marquis@gsk.com

Abstract

When administered as a single agent to rats, the previously reported calcium receptor antagonist 3 elicited a sustained elevation of plasma PTH resulting in no increase in overall bone mineral density. The lack of a bone building effect for analogue 3 was attributed to the large volume of distribution (V(dss)(rat) = 11 L/kg), producing a protracted plasma PTH profile. Incorporation of a carboxylic acid functionality into the amino alcohol template led to the identification of 12 with a lower volume of distribution (V(dss)(12) = 1.18 L/kg) and a shorter half-life. The zwitterionic nature of antagonist 12 necessitated the utility of an ester prodrug approach to increase overall permeability. Antagonist 12 elicited a rapid and transient increase in circulating levels of PTH following oral dosing of the ester prodrug 11 in the dog. The magnitude and duration of the increases in plasma levels of PTH would be expected to stimulate new bone formation.

PMID:
19821575
DOI:
10.1021/jm900563e
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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