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Cancer Causes Control. 2010 Jan;21(1):11-22. doi: 10.1007/s10552-009-9429-5. Epub 2009 Sep 26.

Interaction between organochlorines and the AHR gene, and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Author information

1
BC Cancer Agency,Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1L3, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Plasma organochlorines have been implicated to increase the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), and interaction with the aryl hydrocarbon receptor gene (AHR) may modify this risk.

METHODS:

In this case-control study conducted in British Columbia, Canada, five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of AHR were genotyped in 422 NHL cases and 459 controls to measure the association between individual SNPs, haplotypes, and risk of NHL. Pre-chemotherapy organochlorine levels were measured and gene-environment interaction analysis was performed.

RESULTS:

The IVS1 + 4640G/A SNP was significantly associated with NHL risk, with an odds ratio of 1.32 (95% CI = 1.05-1.65) for G/A or A/A genotypes compared to the G/G genotype. Interactions were observed with PCB 118, a known inducer of AHR, and chlordane-related analytes oxychlordane and trans-nonachlor, although no interactions were statistically significant after controlling for multiple comparisons. The observed interactions were consistent across NHL subtypes.

CONCLUSION:

Results suggest that the AHR gene may play a role in determining the risk of NHL with exposure to organochlorines, and highlight the importance of understanding gene-environment interactions.

PMID:
19821039
DOI:
10.1007/s10552-009-9429-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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