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Int Immunol. 1990;2(8):775-85.

Induction of human TCR gamma delta + and TCR gamma delta-CD2+CD3- double negative lymphocytes by bacterial stimulation.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, Tohoku University School of Dentistry, Sendai Japan.


When human blood mononuclear cells (MNC) were incubated with heat-killed bacteria, proliferation of MNC was observed 5 days after stimulation, showing a peak on day 7. Interestingly, the bioassay of the culture supernatant and Northern blot analysis of mRNA demonstrated that no IL-2 production was associated with these proliferative responses. The induced lymphoblasts consisted predominantly of TCR gamma delta + (22.4 +/- 9.3%) and TCR gamma delta-CD2+CD3-(33.2 +/- 11.8%) double negative lymphocytes (n = 10), which were initially minor populations (less than 10%) in freshly isolated MNC. The prominent induction of TCR gamma delta + cells was confirmed by Northern blot analysis. TCR gamma delta + cells induced by bacterial stimulation seemed to generate from lymphocytes lacking the apparent expression of gamma delta TCR. The inducing capability for double negative cells is present in a large number of species of bacteria, especially Gram-positive bacteria. Gel filtration analysis of ultrasonicated filtrates of Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes revealed that a substance with an Mr of 25-26 kd could be substituted for whole bacterial particles in the cell proliferative responses. In contrast to the purified protein derivative (PPD)-induced response, the response described here was inducible in the cord blood of neonates who had not yet been exposed to the corresponding bacterial infection. The physicochemical properties of the sonicated filtrates were different from those of PPD. These results suggested that the present phenomenon may be nonspecific, polyclonal (or oligoclonal) activation of TCR gamma delta + and TCR gamma delta -CD2+CD3- cells by bacterial stimulation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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