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Chest. 2010 Jan;137(1):81-7. doi: 10.1378/chest.09-0714. Epub 2009 Oct 9.

ARDS of early or late onset: does it make a difference?

Author information

1
Department of Intensive Care, Erasme University Hospital, Route de Lennik 808, B-1070 Brussels, Belgium;jlvincen@ulb.ac.be

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Differences in outcomes have been demonstrated for critically ill patients with late-onset compared with early-onset renal failure and late-onset compared with early-onset shock, which could cause a lead-time bias in clinical trials assessing potential therapies for these conditions. We used data from a large, multicenter observational study to assess whether late-onset ARDS was similarly associated with worse outcomes compared with early-onset ARDS.

METHODS:

Data were extracted from the Sepsis Occurrence in Acutely Ill Patients (SOAP) study, which involved 198 ICUs from 24 European countries. All adult patients admitted to a participating ICU between May 1, 2002 and May 15, 2002, were eligible, except those admitted for uncomplicated postoperative surveillance. Early/late onset acute lung injury (ALI)/ARDS was defined as ALI/ARDS occurring within/after 48 h of ICU admission.

RESULTS:

Of the 3,147 patients included in the SOAP study, 393 (12.5%) had a diagnosis of ALI/ARDS; 254 had early-onset ALI/ARDS (64.6%), and 139 (35.5%) late-onset. Patients with early-onset ALI/ARDS had higher Simplified Acute Physiology II scores on admission and higher initial Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores. Patients with late-onset ALI/ARDS had longer ICU and hospital lengths of stay than patients with early-onset ALI/ARDS. ICU and hospital mortality rates were, if anything, lower in late-onset ALI/ARDS than in early-onset ALI/ARDS, but these differences were not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

There were no significant differences in mortality rates between early- and late-onset ARDS, but patients with late-onset ALI/ARDS had longer ICU and hospital lengths of stay.

PMID:
19820081
DOI:
10.1378/chest.09-0714
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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