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Bioorg Chem. 2009 Dec;37(6):202-10. doi: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2009.09.002. Epub 2009 Sep 12.

Lysophosphatidylethanolamine is - in contrast to - choline - generated under in vivo conditions exclusively by phospholipase A2 but not by hypochlorous acid.

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University of Leipzig, Medical Faculty, Institute of Medical Physics and Biophysics, Leipzig, Germany.


Inflammatory liver diseases are associated with oxidative stress mediated particularly by neutrophilic granulocytes. At inflammatory loci, hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is generated by myeloperoxidase. HOCl reacts with a large variety of molecules and induces (among other reactions) the formation of lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) from polyunsaturated phosphatidylcholines (PC). As liver tissue contains huge amounts of polyunsaturated PC species enhanced LPC concentrations are detectable under these conditions. However, human liver contains also major amounts of polyunsaturated phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). It is so far widely unknown, if PE oxidation by HOCl leads to the generation of LPE in a similar way as observed in the case of PC. Using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) and (31)P NMR spectroscopy, LPC generation from unsaturated PC could be verified in the presence of HOCl. In contrast, unsaturated PE led exclusively to chlorohydrins and other oxidation products but not to LPE. Although these data were obtained with a quite simple model system, it is obvious that LPC is a much more suitable biomarker of oxidative stress than LPE: LPC is more readily generated and also more sensitively detectable by means of mass spectrometry and other spectroscopic methods. Nevertheless, it will also be shown that the nitrile of LPE is also generated. However, this compound is exclusively detectable as negative ion.

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