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Am Fam Physician. 2009 Oct 1;80(7):692-6.

Diagnosis and management of dehydration in children.

Author information

1
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Falls Church, VA, USA. amy.canavan@inova.org

Abstract

The most useful individual signs for identifying dehydration in children are prolonged capillary refill time, abnormal skin turgor, and abnormal respiratory pattern. However, clinical dehydration scales based on a combination of physical examination findings are better predictors than individual signs. Oral rehydration therapy is the preferred treatment of mild to moderate dehydration caused by diarrhea in children. Appropriate oral rehydration therapy is as effective as intravenous fluid in managing fluid and electrolyte losses and has many advantages. Goals of oral rehydration therapy are restoration of circulating blood volume, restoration of interstitial fluid volume, and maintenance of rehydration. When rehydration is achieved, a normal age-appropriate diet should be initiated.

PMID:
19817339
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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