Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Otol Neurotol. 2009 Dec;30(8):1122-7. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0b013e3181be645d.

Hearing results using the SMart piston prosthesis.

Author information

  • 1House Ear Institute and House Ear Clinic, Los Angeles, California 90057, USA. jfayad@hei.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

SMart, a newly introduced piston prosthesis for stapedotomy, is a nitinol-based, heat-activated, self-crimping prosthesis. We review our hearing results and postoperative complications using this self-crimped piston prosthesis and compare them with those obtained using stainless steel or platinum piston prostheses.

HYPOTHESIS:

Audiometric results using the SMart piston are identical to those obtained using a conventional piston prosthesis.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective chart review.

SETTING:

Private neurotologic tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS:

The 416 ears reviewed included 306 with a SMart prosthesis and 110 conventional prostheses. 61% were women. Mean follow-up time was 5.6 (standard deviation [SD], 6.3 mo) and 6.9 months (SD, 7.0 mo) for the 2 groups, respectively.

INTERVENTION:

Stapedotomy using the SMart or a conventional (non-SMart) prosthesis.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Audiometric hearing results, including pure-tone average (PTA) and air-bone gap (ABG), and prevalence of postoperative complications.

RESULTS:

Mean postoperative PTA was 32.6 (SD, 16.8) dB for the SMart group and 29.4 (SD, 13.5) dB for the non-SMart group, with ABGs of 7.6 (SD, 8.9) and 6.0 (SD, 5.2) dB, respectively. Mean change (decrease) in ABG was 18.7 (SD, 13.1) dB for the SMart group and 19.9 (SD, 10.3) dB for the non-SMart group. High-frequency bone PTAs showed overclosure of 2.0 (SD, 7.9) dB for the SMart group and 3.6 (SD, 8.6) dB for the non-SMart group. Postoperative vertigo and tinnitus were infrequent. No significant differences in these audiometric outcomes or complication rates were noted between groups. There was no significant difference in rate of gap closure to within 10 dB (78.3 versus 84.2%, SMart and non-SMart, respectively) or 20 dB (94.2 and 98.0%).

CONCLUSION:

Compared with conventional stapes prostheses, the nitinol-based SMart is a safe and reliable stapes prosthesis that eliminates manual crimping without significantly altering the audiometric outcome. Complications are rare, but longer follow-up is needed before establishing long-term stability.

PMID:
19816231
DOI:
10.1097/MAO.0b013e3181be645d
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center