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Brain Dev. 2010 Aug;32(7):538-43. doi: 10.1016/j.braindev.2009.09.006. Epub 2009 Oct 7.

Positive association between benign familial infantile convulsions and LGI4.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Jonanku, Fukuoka, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

LGI4 is located in 19q13.11, where the locus of benign familial infantile convulsions (BFIC) has been mapped. LGI4 belongs to a family of proteins with the epilepsy-associated repeat (EAR) domain and is associated with various epilepsies. We investigated whether LGI4 is a candidate gene for BFIC.

METHODS:

Fifteen patients with BFIC were examined for mutations and/or polymorphisms of LGI4 by using a direct sequencing method.

RESULTS:

Several frequent polymorphisms were identified. The genotype frequency distribution of c.1722G/A polymorphism was significantly different between patients with BFIC and control subjects (p<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the G allele of c.1722G/A polymorphism had significant recessive effects on the increased relative risk for BFIC (p<0.05). There was no association between c.1722G/A polymorphism and benign familial neonatal convulsion, an epilepsy phenotype similar to BFIC but genetically distinguished from BFIC.

DISCUSSION:

The positive genotypic association between BFIC and c.1722G/A polymorphism suggests that LGI4 might contribute to the susceptibility to BFIC.

PMID:
19815358
DOI:
10.1016/j.braindev.2009.09.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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