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J Neuroimmunol. 2009 Nov 30;216(1-2):32-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jneuroim.2009.09.004. Epub 2009 Oct 7.

Brevicompanine E reduces lipopolysaccharide-induced production of proinflammatory cytokines and enzymes in microglia by inhibiting activation of activator protein-1 and nuclear factor-kappaB.

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Zoonosis Research Center, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Chonbuk, South Korea.


Excessive release of proinflammatory cytokines by activated microglia can cause neurotoxicity in neurodegenerative diseases. We found that Brevicompanine E (BE), isolated from a deep ocean sediment derived fungus Penicillium sp., inhibited lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), inducible nitric oxide (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) production in microglia. Moreover, electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) demonstrated that BE attenuated nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) DNA binding activity in LPS-induced microglia. Consistent with this finding, BE inhibited LPS-induced IkappaBalpha degradation, NF-kappaB nuclear translocation, and also Akt, c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation. Thus, BE may be potentially useful for modulating neuroinflammation.

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