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Mult Scler. 2009 Nov;15(11):1322-8. doi: 10.1177/1352458509107018. Epub 2009 Oct 7.

Hypothalamic stimulation for trigeminal neuralgia in multiple sclerosis patients: efficacy on the paroxysmal ophthalmic pain.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico C. Besta, Milan, Italy.


Trigeminal neuralgia is a disorder characterized by paroxysmal pain arising in one or more trigeminal branches; it is commonly reported in multiple sclerosis. In multiple sclerosis patients the ophthalmic branch may be frequently involved and the risks carried by neurosurgical ablative procedures are higher including major adverse effects such as corneal reflex impairment and keratitis. The objective of this works is to assess the role of posterior hypothalamus neuromodulation in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia in multiple sclerosis patients. Five multiple sclerosis patients suffering from refractory recurrent trigeminal neuralgia involving all three trigeminal branches underwent deep brain stimulation of the posterior hypothalamus. The rationale of this intervention emerges from our earlier success in treating pain patients suffering from trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. After follow-up periods that ranged from 1 to 4 years after treatment, the paroxysmal pain arising from the first trigeminal branch was controlled, whereas the recurrence of pain in the second and third trigeminal branches necessitated repeated thermorhizotomies to control in pain in two patients after 2 years of follow-up. In conclusion, deep brain stimulation may be considered as an adjunctive procedure for treating refractory paroxysmal pain within the first trigeminal division so as to avoid the complication of corneal reflex impairment that is known to follow ablative procedures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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