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J Am Chem Soc. 2009 Oct 14;131(40):14261-3. doi: 10.1021/ja906198y.

Postsynthetic modifications of iron-carboxylate nanoscale metal-organic frameworks for imaging and drug delivery.

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Department of Chemistry, CB#3290, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.


Fe(III)-carboxylate nanoscale metal-organic frameworks (NMOFs) with the MIL-101 structure were synthesized using a solvothermal technique with microwave heating. The approximately 200 nm particles were characterized using a variety of methods, including SEM, PXRD, nitrogen adsorption measurements, TGA, and EDX. By replacing a percentage of the bridging ligand (terephthalic acid) with 2-amino terephthalic acid, amine groups were incorporated into the framework to provide sites for covalent attachment of biologically relevant cargoes while still maintaining the MIL-101 structure. In proof-of-concept experiments, an optical contrast agent (a BODIPY dye) and an ethoxysuccinato-cisplatin anticancer prodrug were successfully incorporated into the Fe(III)-carboxylate NMOFs via postsynthetic modifications of the as-synthesized particles. These cargoes are released upon the degradation of the NMOF frameworks, and the rate of cargo release was controlled by coating the NMOF particles with a silica shell. Potential utility of the new NMOF-based nanodelivery vehicles for optical imaging and anticancer therapy was demonstrated in vitro using HT-29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells.

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