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Pharmacol Rev. 2009 Sep;61(3):373-93. doi: 10.1124/pr.109.001560.

Regulation of skeletal muscle physiology and metabolism by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta.

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Atherosclerosis Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Center for Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Agonists directed against the alpha and gamma isoforms of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) have become important for the respective treatment of hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance associated with metabolic disease. PPARdelta is the least well characterized of the three PPAR isoforms. Skeletal muscle insulin resistance is a primary risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes. There is increasing evidence that PPARdelta is an important regulator of skeletal muscle metabolism, in particular, muscle lipid oxidation, highlighting the potential utility of this isoform as a drug target. In addition, PPARdelta seems to be a key regulator of skeletal muscle fiber type and a possible mediator of the adaptations noted in skeletal muscle in response to exercise. In this review we summarize the current status regarding the regulation, and the metabolic effects, of PPARdelta in skeletal muscle.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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