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J Hosp Infect. 1990 Nov;16(4):311-8.

Effect of three plastic catheters on survival and growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Sevilla, Spain.

Abstract

The effect of polyvinylchloride (PVC), polyurethane (PU) and siliconized latex (SL) catheters on the survival and growth of six non-mucoid and three mucoid strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was evaluated. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1 x 10(8)) was incubated in PBS alone (control) or with 30 1-cm length segments of each catheter and the number of viable microorganisms was determined after 8 h, 1, 2, 5, 7 and 10 days. The presence of PVC catheters significantly favoured the survival and growth of non-mucoid strains in comparison to the control (P less than 0.05 at 5 days, P less than 0.01 at 7 days and thereafter); a similar result was observed with SL catheters (P less than 0.05 at 2 days, P less than 0.01 at 5 days and thereafter). No differences were observed with PU catheters. The number of mucoid microorganisms decreased with time in all controls and suspensions containing segments of catheter, but non-mucoid revertants appeared and quickly increased in the presence of PVC and SL (but not PU) catheters. Eluates of PBS previously containing PVC or SL segments induced a 100- to 500-fold increase in the growth of a non-mucoid strain in comparison with PBS alone. It is concluded that some plastic catheters can release substance(s) that favour the viability of P. aeruginosa.

PMID:
1980503
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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