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Addict Behav. 2010 Feb;35(2):175-8. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.016. Epub 2009 Sep 19.

Correlates of smoking cessation self-efficacy in a community sample of smokers.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania, 3535 Market Street, 4th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States. emart@mail.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

While numerous studies show that higher levels of smoking cessation self-efficacy predicts motivation to quit smoking and successful smoking cessation, few studies have evaluated factors related to smoking cessation self-efficacy that could be targets of behavioral interventions to promote greater confidence to quit smoking. This study, using a large community sample of smokers enrolled in a smoking cessation treatment program, evaluated potential associations between self-efficacy to quit smoking and demographic (e.g., age, race), smoking-related (e.g., rate, cessation history, past use of treatments), and psychosocial (e.g., stress, cue reactivity, self-medication smoking) variables. The results indicated that Hispanic-American smokers, relative to smokers of other racial/ethnic groups, report significantly lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing internal stimuli (e.g., feeling depressed), as do smokers who report that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms (F(9,576)=6.9, p<.001). The results also indicated that smokers who reported that they have little confidence to control abstinence-induced symptoms and report high smoking urge reactivity to situations that illicit positive affect (e.g., at a bar, with coffee, at a party) report lower self-efficacy to quit smoking when facing external stimuli (e.g., during a celebration; F[7,600]=9.05, p<.05). These findings can be used to refine behavioral smoking cessation interventions to increase self-efficacy to quit smoking.

PMID:
19804945
PMCID:
PMC2783543
DOI:
10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.09.016
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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