Send to

Choose Destination
Atherosclerosis. 2010 Apr;209(2):528-32. doi: 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2009.09.021. Epub 2009 Sep 20.

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) and risk of cardiovascular disease in older adults: results from the Cardiovascular Health Study.

Author information

Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of Vermont, Burlington, 208 South Park Drive, Colchester, VT 05446, United States.



To examine associations between lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) antigen level (mass) and enzymatic activity (activity) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in older adults.


We examined associations of Lp-PLA(2) mass and activity with incident myocardial infarction (MI; n=508), stroke (n=565) and CVD death (n=665) using Cox regressions adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity and CVD risk factors in 3949 older adults, aged > or =65 years at baseline, from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS).


Lp-PLA(2) was associated with incident CVD events in these older adults. Hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for highest versus lowest tertiles of Lp-PLA(2) mass were 1.49 (1.19-1.85) for MI, 1.21 (0.98-1.49) for stroke and 1.11 (0.92-1.33) for CVD death. The highest tertile of Lp-PLA(2) activity was associated with MI (1.36; 1.09-1.70) and CVD death (1.23; 1.02-1.50). Combined Lp-PLA(2) tertile 3 and CRP>3mg/l, compared to Lp-PLA(2) tertile 1 and CRP<1mg/l, was associated with MI (2.29; 1.49-3.52) for Lp-PLA(2) mass and MI (1.66; 1.10-2.51) and CVD death (1.57; 1.08-2.26) for activity. For MI, both mass and activity added excess risk to elevated CRP alone ( approximately 20% excess risk) and activity added excess risk for CVD death ( approximately 12%).


Lp-PLA(2) mass and activity were associated with incident CVD events in older adults in CHS. Lp-PLA(2) and CRP were independent and additive in prediction of events. While associations were modest, these results support further exploration of Lp-PLA(2) to identify older individuals at risk for CVD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center