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J Pharm Pharmacol. 1990 Jul;42(7):525-7.

Cyclosporin A treatment enhances angiotensin converting enzyme activity in lung and serum of rats.

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1
Institute of Nephrology and Hypertension, Beilinson Medical Center, Petah Tikva and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Abstract

Nephrotoxicity and arterial hypertension are the most common side effects of treatment with cyclosporin A (CSA). Its effects on angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity in the renal cortex, lung and serum of nephrotoxic rats have been investigated. Wistar rats were treated with CSA (20 mg kg-1 day-1 i.p.) or vehicle (olive oil containing 10% ethanol) for 14 days. On day 15, the rats were killed and ACE activity determined by radiometric assay using [3H]hippuryl-glycyl-glycine as substrate. CSA treatment resulted in a decrease in creatinine clearance, urine flow and body weight and a significant increase in serum and lung ACE activities (436 +/- 9 vs 391 +/- 7 nmol mL-1 min-1, P less than 0.001; 184 +/- 8 vs 142 +/- 10 nmol mg-1 min-1 P less than 0.01, respectively). In contrast, renal cortex ACE activity was reduced in the CSA-treated rats (0.35 +/- 0.02 vs 0.51 +/- 0.02 nmol mg-1 min-1, P less than 0.01). ACE activities in the renal cortex and serum were not affected by treatment with gentamicin (80 mg kg-1 day-1) for 11 days. In rats treated simultaneously with CSA and captopril (50 mg kg-1 day-1) ACE activity in the serum, lung and renal cortex was inhibited by 95, 93 and 92%, respectively. These changes in ACE activity were associated with a decreased systolic blood pressure in the rats receiving CSA and captopril. Therefore, ACE activity in the serum and lung of CSA-treated rats was increased, while its activity in the renal cortex was reduced.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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