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Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2010 Jan;19(1):75-81. doi: 10.1002/pds.1866.

Influence of genetic variation in CYP3A4 and ABCB1 on dose decrease or switching during simvastatin and atorvastatin therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, 3000 CA Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Simvastatin and atorvastatin are metabolized by the CYP3A4 enzyme and transported by the ABCB1 transporter. We studied whether the polymorphism CYP3A4*1B and the polymorphisms C1236T, G2677A/T and C3435T in the ABCB1 gene were associated with a decrease of the prescribed dose or a switch to another cholesterol lowering drug during simvastatin and atorvastatin therapy. These events may indicate that statin plasma levels were too high and resulted in an adverse drug reaction or a too strong reduction in cholesterol level.

METHODS:

We identified 1239 incident simvastatin and atorvastatin users in the Rotterdam Study, a population-based cohort study. Associations between the polymorphisms in the CYP3A4 and ABCB1 gene and the time to a decrease in dose or a switch to another cholesterol lowering drug were studied using Cox proportional hazards.

RESULTS:

Simvastatin and atorvastatin users with the CYP3A4*1B variant G allele had a lower risk (HR 0.46; 95%CI 0.24-0.90) for these events than users with the wild-type AA genotype. No significant associations were found for the ABCB1 polymorphisms. The association with the CYP3A4*1B polymorphism was found in women (HR 0.33; 95%CI 0.12-0.89) and was non-significant in men (HR 0.69 95%CI 0.28-1.70). This association was stronger in patients with the ABCB1 3435T variant allele versus the G allele.

CONCLUSION:

In simvastatin and atorvastatin users, the CYP3A4*1B G allele is associated with a lower risk of elevated statin plasma levels, particularly in women and in users with the ABCB1 3435T variant allele.

PMID:
19802823
DOI:
10.1002/pds.1866
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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