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Oncogene. 2010 Jan 7;29(1):11-25. doi: 10.1038/onc.2009.300. Epub 2009 Oct 5.

Akt promotes chemoresistance in human ovarian cancer cells by modulating cisplatin-induced, p53-dependent ubiquitination of FLICE-like inhibitory protein.

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Departments of Cellular & Molecular Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


Although Akt is a determinant of cisplatin (cis-diaminedichloroplatinum (CDDP)) resistance in ovarian cancer cells, which is related in part to its inhibitory action on p53 activation, precisely how Akt confers CDDP resistance is unclear. In this study, we show that CDDP induced p53-dependent Fas-associated death domain-like interleukin-1beta-converting enzyme (FLICE)-like inhibitory protein (FLIP) degradation in chemosensitive ovarian cancer cells but not their resistant counterparts. CDDP induced FLIP-p53-Itch interaction, colocalization and FLIP ubiquitination in chemosensitive but not chemoresistant ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, although activated Akt inhibited CDDP-induced FLIP degradation and apoptosis in sensitive cells, these responses were facilitated by dominant-negative Akt expression in chemoresistant cells. Inhibition of Akt function also facilitated p53-FLIP interaction and FLIP ubiquitination, which were attenuated by p53 silencing. These results suggest that Akt confers resistance, in part, by modulating CDDP-induced, p53-dependent FLIP ubiquitination. Understanding the precise etiology of chemoresistance may improve treatment for ovarian cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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