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Hum Pathol. 2010 Feb;41(2):208-13. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2009.07.014. Epub 2009 Oct 3.

Immunohistochemical analysis for Sox9 reveals the cartilaginous character of chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma of the bone.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto 602-8566, Japan.


Chondroblastoma, which is histologically composed of mononuclear cell proliferation and lobules of immature cartilage, and chondromyxoid fibroma, which is composed of myxoid lobules with spindle or stellate cells and a cellular fibrous rim with spindle cells, are both rare tumors. Based on histogenetic investigation including immunohistochemistry, matrix biochemistry, and electron microscopy, chondroblastoma is thought to contain chondrogenic cells, whereas chondromyxoid fibroma is considered to contain myofibroblastic cells, as well as chondrogenic cells, and chondroid matrix. In this study, we performed immunohistochemical analysis for Sox9, which is an essential transcriptional factor for chondrogenesis, to examine the possible chondrogenic nature of chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues obtained from 10 cases of chondroblastoma and 11 cases of chondromyxoid fibroma were immunostained with antibody to Sox9. In addition, immunohistochemical study for collagen type II, which is a major component of cartilaginous matrix, was performed. Sox9 was positive in 8 chondroblastomas and 10 chondromyxoid fibromas. Positive staining was observed in the nuclei of the tumor cells. The matrices of 7 chondroblastomas and of 8 chondromyxoid fibromas were immunopositive for collagen type II. The findings suggest the cartilaginous differentiation of chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma.

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