Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biosens Bioelectron. 2009 Dec 15;25(4):901-5. doi: 10.1016/j.bios.2009.09.004. Epub 2009 Sep 6.

Glucose oxidase-graphene-chitosan modified electrode for direct electrochemistry and glucose sensing.

Author information

  • 1Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.


Direct electrochemistry of a glucose oxidase (GOD)-graphene-chitosan nanocomposite was studied. The immobilized enzyme retains its bioactivity, exhibits a surface confined, reversible two-proton and two-electron transfer reaction, and has good stability, activity and a fast heterogeneous electron transfer rate with the rate constant (k(s)) of 2.83 s(-1). A much higher enzyme loading (1.12 x 10(-9)mol/cm(2)) is obtained as compared to the bare glass carbon surface. This GOD-graphene-chitosan nanocomposite film can be used for sensitive detection of glucose. The biosensor exhibits a wider linearity range from 0.08mM to 12mM glucose with a detection limit of 0.02mM and much higher sensitivity (37.93microAmM(-1)cm(-2)) as compared with other nanostructured supports. The excellent performance of the biosensor is attributed to large surface-to-volume ratio and high conductivity of graphene, and good biocompatibility of chitosan, which enhances the enzyme absorption and promotes direct electron transfer between redox enzymes and the surface of electrodes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center